What should be done in order for the electromagnet to attract the smaller nails?

Use a pair of wire strippers to remove a few centimeters of insulation from each end of the wire. Neatly wrap the wire around the nail. The more wire you wrap around the nail, the stronger your electromagnet will be.

What can you do to the nail to make an electromagnet stronger?

You can make an electromagnet stronger by doing these things:

  1. wrapping the coil around a piece of iron (such as an iron nail)
  2. adding more turns to the coil.
  3. increasing the current flowing through the coil.

Does the size of a nail affect the strength of an electromagnet?

Unlike a permanent magnet, an electromagnet can be turned on and off using electrical current. … A wider nail will make the magnet stronger. Length of the nail. Making the nail longer will not make the magnet stronger, unless you also add more turns to the coil.

Why do magnets attract nails?

The nail will stick to the bar magnet because it will become magnetized. The presence of the nearby north pole rearranges the magnetic domains inside the steel so that their south poles all point toward the north pole of the permanent magnet. As a result, the other end of the nail becomes a north pole.

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How do you make a nail electromagnet?


  1. Take your nail and wire and firmly coil the wire around the nail, leaving two straight pieces of wire at each end.
  2. Place the battery beside the wire coil and nail.
  3. Align each end of the wire to the battery. …
  4. Tape the ends of the wire to the battery ends with some tape and wait for a few seconds.

What must you have in order for ferromagnetism to occur?

One requirement of a ferromagnetic material is that its atoms or ions have permanent magnetic moments. … In ferromagnets, the large coupling between the atomic magnetic moments leads to some degree of dipole alignment and hence to a net magnetization.

How does the current affect the strength of an electromagnet?

The magnetic field is caused by the current flowing in the wire. The bigger the current the stronger the magnetic field and hence the stronger the electromagnet.

How is the strength of an electromagnet determined?

The magnetic field strength of an electromagnet is therefore determined by the ampere turns of the coil with the more turns of wire in the coil the greater will be the strength of the magnetic field.

What kind of material are attracted to the nail?

IDEA: Objects that are attracted to a magnet are made of ferromagnetic metal.


Aluminum nail
Small piece of aluminum foil

Why do you need a nail in an electromagnet?

Magnetism and electricity are forces generated by the movement of electrons. Electromagnets can be created by wrapping a wire around an iron nail and running current through the wire. … The electric field in the wire coil creates a magnetic field around the nail.

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What type of force the magnet attracts the nails?

Since the iron nails and pins move towards the magnet, it means that the magnet exerts a force on them. The force exerted by a magnet is called magnetic force.

What kind of nail do you need for an electromagnet?

Class practical

An introductory experiment showing that electromagnets can conveniently be switched on and off. The nail should be made of iron which is magnetically soft ( cut nails are suitable). The nail may also have gained some magnetism while it has been lying in a cupboard in the Earth’s magnetic field.