Frequent question: How many electrons can one proton attract?

A proton and two electrons is a quantum mechanical problem. The hydrogen atom has energy levels which can be occupied by one electron if its energy is such that it can be captured, but a second electron can also be captured again depending on its energy.

Does one proton attract one electron?

But a proton and an electron attract each other. Another way of saying this is that the same or “like” charges repel one another and opposite charges attract one another. Since opposite charges attract each other, the negatively charged electrons are attracted to the positively charged protons.

How does a proton attract an electron?

Protons and electrons stick to each other as much as they can, but kinetic energy and quantum mechanics keep them from holding still. Protons and electrons are attracted to each other because the positive electric charge of the proton is attracted to the negative charge of the electron.

Do two electrons make a proton?

This means that the negative charge on an electron perfectly balances the positive charge on the proton. In other words, a neutral atom must have exactly one electron for every proton. If a neutral atom has 1 proton, it must have 1 electron. If a neutral atom has 2 protons, it must have 2 electrons.

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Can proton attract neutron?

An atom contains protons, neutrons, and electrons. … The positively-charged protons repel each other and aren’t electrically attracted or repelled to the neutral neutrons, so you may wonder how the atomic nucleus sticks together and why protons don’t fly off.

Can electrons attract each other?

Electrons do not “attract” other electrons. If an electron is not moving away from another electron, it is because of some countervailing attractive force in the vicinity, such as that exerted by a proton.

Why are electrons not attracted to protons?

An electron will only react with a proton in the nucleus via electron capture if there are too many protons in the nucleus. … But most atoms do not have too many protons, so there is nothing for the electron to interact with. As a result, each electron in a stable atom remains in its spread-out wavefunction shape.

What force attracts electrons to protons?

The force that holds the electrons and protons together is the electromagnetic force.

Do neutrons attract electrons?

Unlike the proton which has a positive charge, the neutron has no electrical charge and does not attract an electron to the atom.

Can a proton and electron collide?

When a proton and an electron collide, it’s called an electron capture. Electron capture is one of two processes in which a neutron is produced. The other process is a beta decay.