How will the water crisis affect tourism in Cape Town?
The study found that the drought led to a severe decline in tourist arrivals at the major tourist attractions in the Western Cape province as well as a decline in tourist spending and hotel occupancy. This resulted in a loss of potential revenue and jobs.
How did the Cape Town water crisis affect the economy?
South Africa has one of the world’s highest rates of income inequality. This means that when the water crisis hits Cape Town, the lower strata of the society are likely to be badly affected. People with higher incomes may be able to buy water for their daily needs. However, poor people do not have the money to do so.
How does tourism affect the economy in South Africa?
In South Africa, the direct contribution of the tourism sector to GDP (Gross Domestic Product) was 130,1 billion rand in 2018 and constituted nearly 3% direct contribution to GDP. In 2018, the tourism sector contributed about 4,5% of total employment in South Africa.
How does drought affect the tourism industry?
Drought can have far-reaching impacts on recreation and tourism, including reduced availability of outdoor recreation activities (e.g., skiing), decreased visitation due to perceptions of drought, and loss of revenue to businesses, communities, and government agencies.
How does water scarcity affect the poor?
However, water scarcity leads to declining water quality and pollution, which has an especially adverse impact on the poor. Many (perhaps most) of the poorest people in developing countries are forced to drink water that is unfit for human consumption. They suffer from a range of skin related and other health problems.
How does climate change affect tourism in South Africa?
But climate change could place the country’s booming tourism sector – which contributes more than R100 billion to the GDP each year – at risk. … In one province, the Eastern Cape, sea levels will rise so much by 2050 that properties in popular tourist haunts might be flooded if adaptation measures are not implemented.
What are the effects of the water crisis in South Africa?
It is likely that the water crisis will have a short- to medium-term impact on the national economy. Western Cape accounts for 13.3 per cent of national GDP. The province contributes about 21 per cent of South Africa’s agricultural output, and accounts for 45-60 per cent of agricultural exports.
What are impact of drought on the economy?
Examples of economic impacts include farmers who lose money because drought destroyed their crops or ranchers who may have to spend more money to feed and water their animals. Economic impacts can be both direct, such as decreases in dairy production, and indirect, as seen by increases in the price of cheese.
Why is the water crisis important?
The water crisis is a health crisis. Nearly 1 million people die each year from water, sanitation and hygiene-related diseases which could be reduced with access to safe water or sanitation. … Access to safe water and sanitation contributes to improved health and helps prevent the spread of infectious disease.
How has the drought affected tourism in Cape Town?
This resulted in tourists postponing or cancelling travel to what was one of the most popular destinations in the world. Our study found that there was a decline between 1.3 per cent and 12.6 per cent on month on month tourism arrivals to the province in 2017 and 2018 at the peak of the drought.
What is economic impact on tourism?
Today tourism is the largest service industry in India, with a contribution of 6.23 per cent to the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and providing 8.78 per cent of the total employment.
How does tourism affect the economy?
Tourism boosts the revenue of the economy, creates thousands of jobs, develops the infrastructures of a country, and plants a sense of cultural exchange between foreigners and citizens. … Governments that rely on tourism for a big percentage of their revenue invest a lot in the infrastructure of the country.
How does climate change affect tourism industry?
Many types of tourism are weather dependent and by extension, climate dependent. It is therefore very likely that climate change will affect your business area sooner or later. Climate change can reduce snow cover, increase and prolong heat waves or change the patterns of annual rainfall for example.
How does climate change affect drought in South Africa?
Higher temperatures and a reduction in rainfall expected as a result of climate change will reduce already depleted water resources, contributing to an increasing number of droughts in the country. South Africa’s development is highly dependent on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture and forestry.
When did drought occur in Cape Town?
The Day Zero Cape Town drought was one of the worst water crises ever experienced in a metropolitan area (1, 2). Droughts are a regular occurrence in southwestern South Africa (SSA), having occurred during the late 1920s, early 1970s, and, more recently, during 2003–2004 (Fig. 1 A and B).