Why the force of attraction between solid particles is stronger?

Solid In a solid, the attractive forces keep the particles together tightly enough so that the particles do not move past each other. … The kinetic energy of the molecule is greater than the attractive force between them, thus they are much farther apart and move freely of each other.

Is the attraction between particles is stronger in liquids than in solids?

Explanation: The greater the inter molecular forces in a substance the greater the attraction the molecules of the substance have for other molecules. Because the molecules in liquid A have a greater attraction for each other the molecules in liquid A will “stick” together more than the molecules in liquid B.

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Which solid has the highest force of attraction between particles?

Answer: NaCl (solid) has particles with the highest forces of attraction.

How does the strength of the intermolecular forces between particles affect the properties of a substance?

Higher the intermolecular forces between the liquid particles, harder it is for it to escape into the vapor phase, ie., you need more energy to convert it from liquid to the vapor phase, in other words, higher its boiling point.

Why do forces of attraction between gas particles increase when they are closer together?

At high temperatures, the kinetic energy of gas particles overcome any intermolecular forces of attraction. At low temperatures, gas particles move slower and are closer together. … Intermolecular forces of attraction increase as the distance between particles decrease.

Which of the following have strongest force of attraction?

Dipole-dipole interactions are the strongest intermolecular force of attraction.

Which of the following phases of matter has the highest strength of attraction between particles?

Solid. In a solid, the particles (ions, atoms or molecules) are closely packed together. The forces between particles are strong so that the particles cannot move freely but can only vibrate.

How do the forces of attraction between particles affect its physical properties?

Stronger intermolecular forces will also result in a higher physical properties such as higher melting or boiling points, which require breaking molecules apart. … Since a higher vapor pressure means that it’s easier to vaporize a compound, this means that lower intermolecular forces leads to a higher vapor pressure.

When there is a very strong attractive force between particles they tend to move past each other True or false?

Solid In a solid, the attractive forces keep the particles together tightly enough so that the particles do not move past each other. Their vibration is related to their kinetic energy.

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Why can scientists ignore the forces of attraction?

Why can scientists ignore the forces of attraction among particles in a gas under ordinary conditions? They are small compared with the other forces acting on the particles of a gas.

What is the relationship between the motion of particles and attractive forces between particles?

If the motion of particles slows the particles move closer together. This is because the attraction between them pulls them toward each other. Strong attractive forces hold particles close together. As the motion of particles increases, particles move further apart.

Why do solids require more energy compared to liquids and gases for the movement of particles?

The attractive force in solids need not be stronger than in liquids or gases. … Attractive forces don’t get weaker when a substance moves from the solid to the liquid to the gas state, rather the kinetic energy of the particles increases (implying faster motion), allowing them to overcome the attractive forces.

What is meant by intermolecular forces of attraction How do they vary in solids liquids and gases?

Answer: Intermolecular forces are weaker attractions that hold molecules or noble gas particles close together when they are in a liquid or solid form. Gas particles have broken away from the intermolecular forces that hold liquids and solids together.