What is the relationship between attractive force and repulsive force in case of two atoms approaching each other?

(13/14) “A chemical bond is a stable state between two atoms or two molecules that attract each other with a force that equals the force that they repel each other.”

What is happening in terms of energy and attractive repulsive forces when atoms come together and form a bond?

When two atoms are brought closer together the attraction pulls the electrons from one atom with the other atom’s nucleus. Then they become balanced because of the repulsive force that makes them have a positive charge when they are pulled together.

What is the difference between attractive and repulsive force?

Repulsion is a movement between two charges that are identical or similar. The power that exists between two electrons (negative charge). Attraction is a force between two charges that are distinct or unlike. Because the nuclei are positive and the electrons are negative, the electrons are attracted to the nuclei.

What causes the repulsive forces between two atoms when they bond?

A covalent bond is currently conceived as a dense electron cloud mainly concentrated between the two nuclei. As a result, the repulsive forces between the two positive nuclei are essentially cancelled out and overwhelmed by the attractive forces between the positive nuclei and the negative electrons.

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When two atoms approach each other the electrons of one atom are attracted to the nucleus of the other according to?

Covalent bonds form when electrons are shared between atoms and are attracted by the nuclei of both atoms. In pure covalent bonds, the electrons are shared equally. In polar covalent bonds, the electrons are shared unequally, as one atom exerts a stronger force of attraction on the electrons than the other.

What are the repulsive and attractive forces involved in a covalent bond?

The modern covalent bond is conceived to be a region of high electron density between two positively charged atomic nuclei such that nucleus-nucleus repulsion is negated, and a net attractive forces results from electrostatic interaction between the positively charged nuclei, and the negatively charged electron cloud.

Why attractive force is more than repulsive force?

One is that the single electrons that each hydrogen atom possesses begin to repel each other. … As the atoms first begin to interact, the attractive force is stronger than the repulsive force and so the potential energy of the system decreases, as seen in the diagram.